Modernization Theory and House Garden Transformation; Erbil City as Case Study

Baper, Salahaddin Y. and Hassan, Ahmad S. and Ismail, Susan T. (2013) Modernization Theory and House Garden Transformation; Erbil City as Case Study. ARO-The Scientific Journal of Koya University, 1 (1). pp. 7-13. ISSN 24109355

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Recently, the concept of modernity and its influences on global warming comes to be a common topic in architectural debates. The disappearance of gardens in the contemporary house layouts generated a need for new approaches to create a sustainable network of green areas within residential neighborhoods. The objectives of this paper intend to emphasize on the holistic phenomenon of house garden transformations. The rationale behind selecting cases inside Erbil city, Iraq return to its historical background which passed through rapid transformations due to the political, economic, and cultural changes. This paper aims to identify reason behind disappearance of house gardens in new developments. Moreover, it describes the physical elements of local traditions in different periods. The analytical methodology used in this paper relies on four different periods of the city evolution. It discusses the building garden visual elements in terms of architectural physical factors. The study emphases on two types of analyses, the morphology analyses for each period individually, and comparative analyses between different periods. The findings of this paper will indicate the crucial factors that affecting the disappearance of house garden as well as the general positive effects of vegetation in urban contexts.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Received 22 August 2013; Accepted 04 October 2013 Regular research paper: Published 11 November 2013 Copyright © 2013 Salahaddin Y. Baper, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Erbil City, House Garden, Modernity, Morphology, Transformation
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: ARO-The Scientific Journal of Koya University > VOL 1, NO 1 (2013)
Depositing User: ePrints Administrator
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2017 16:14
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2017 16:18

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